Kenya’s 2-6-3-3-3 Education system Format, Subjects

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2-6-3-3-3 Education System was proposed by a task force headed by Former Moi University Vice Chancellor Douglas Odhiambo. The primary education will be split into two categories; Pre primary which will take two years and Primary education which will take six years.

Then students will advance to Junior secondary school which will take three years and later proceed to senior secondary school which will take three years too.At the senior level they will spend another three years focusing on their areas of specialization depending on their abilities and interests.
After senior secondary school, the students will enroll at vocational training centres or persue university education.

The system puts more emphasis on Continuous Assessment Tests (CATs) rather than the end of cycle tests. It is focused on competency- bases rather than examinations. The focus of the system is to equip learners with skills rather than making than cram for the examination.

The system(2-6-3-3-3 Education system) gives students in secondary school a chance to specialise in the subjects they wish to pursue in tertiary institutions and learning areas have been divided into three categories: arts and sports, social sciences and science and technology, engineering and mathematics.

Under sports, students will pursue games, performing arts and visual arts while social science options will be languages and literature, humanities and business studies.

The third option will have pure and applied sciences, engineering and technical studies.

Subjects to be taught in lower primary will include literacy, Kiswahili, English and indigenous languages, as well as mathematical and environmental activities (science, social and agriculture activities).

In upper primary, pupils will be taught Kiswahili, English, home science, agriculture, science and technology, mathematics, religious studies, moral and life skills, creative arts (art, craft and music), physical and health education, social studies (citizenship, geography and history) with an option of foreign languages (Arabic, French, German, Chinese) and indigenous languages.

At junior secondary, a learner will be required to take the 12 core subjects — including English, Kiswahili, mathematics, integrated science, health education, pre-technical and pre-vocational education, social studies, religious education, business studies, agriculture, life skills education, sports and physical education.

They will also take a minimum of one and a maximum of two subjects according to personalities, abilities, interests and career choices.
The optional subjects are home science, computer science, performing arts, foreign languages, Kenya Sign Language, indigenous languages and visual arts.
In senior secondary, a student will take two core subjects irrespective of the pathway identified.

They include community service learning (life skills, citizenship, entrepreneurship, financial literacy and research) and physical education.



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